hardcover & paperback.
“The Sopranos Meets EverQuest: Socialization Processes in Massively Multiuser Games” with Mikael Jakobsson, FineArt Forum, Vol. 17, Issue 8, August 2003.
Note: Parts of the argument in this article can be found updated and revised in my book Play Between Worlds.
This article explores the ways social interaction plays an integral role in the game EverQuest. Through our research we argue that social networks form a powerful component of the gameplay and the gaming experience, one that must be seriously considered to understand the nature of massively multiplayer online games. We discuss the discrepancy between how the game is portrayed and how it is actually played. By examining the role of social networks and interactions we seek to explore how the friendships between the players could be considered the ultimate exploit of the game.
“Intentional Bodies: Virtual Environments and the Designers Who Shape Them,” International Journal of Engineering Education, Vol.19, No.1, 25-34, 2003.
This article examines the ways virtual environment software is explicitly designed with particular visions of identity, communication, and community in mind. This social context of software is considered with a particular focus on the ways various forms of embodiment are encoded in systems. Rather than simply framing software as a primarily technical product, this article analyzes the way software engineers and designers shape architectures and systems as conduits for social values and norms. Considerations of responsibility, identity, legitimacy, and sociability emerge as central factors in design practice.